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Areas of Interest & FundingPeopleServiceRecent Contributionsvisual perception
Professor, Appointed 1985
Department of Psychology
Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia
Doctor of Philosophy, Experimental Psychology, 1974
University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon

Human Performance, including: Perception, attention, memory, and complex skills like reading and drawing.
NSERC Operating 2006-2011 $200,000 
SSHRC Operating 2005-2008 $90,000 (w/ Maycock, NSCAD) U of O
NSERC Equipment 2004-2006  $32,000  (w/ McMullen, eye tracker)
NSERC Equipment 2005-2006 $32,000+ (w/ McMullen, & Trappenberg)
NSERC Equipment 2004 $50,000  (w/ Westwood, PI, Eskes & McMullen)

Applied cognitive psychology: Design of advanced consumer telecommunications devices; reading remediation; effects of drugs & biological rhythms on performance; impulsivity and problem gambling.
CLLRnet 2003-2006 $132,000  (w/ Arnell, Barr, Joanisse & Tannock)
Bank of Canada 2006-2007 $75,000+ (w/ Liu, Christie, & Gadbois)
Heart and Stroke foundation 2004-2005 $50,000+ (w/ Eskes, PI)
Bank of Canada 2003 $20,000+ (w/ Gadbois)
Bank of Canada 2002-2003 $83,000+ (w/ Christie, & Gadbois)

Cognitive neuroscience exploration of the selection of objects by the primate oculomotor system.
NSERC Collaborative 
1995-1998 $330,000  (PI w/Munoz, McMullen & Trappenberg)
McDonnell-Pew 1998-2000 $210,000  (PI w/Munoz & Sweeney)
Post-doctoral fellows:
Graduate Students:
  • Yoko Ishigami
  • Mike Lawrence
  • Matt Hilchey
  • Matt Ryan (Kinesiology)
  • Christopher Dean (MDes NSCAD)
Research Assistants &
Honours Students:
  • Patti Devlin
Recent Lab Members:
  • Geniva Liu (Killan Post Doctoral Scholarship)
  • Biljana Stevanovski (NSERC Post Doctoral Scholarship)
  • John Christie (NSERC Industrial)
  • Jason Ivanoff
  • Sandie Sparkes
  • Elizabeth McLaughlin (NSERC & Killam Scholar)
  • Joe MacInnes (NSERC PGSA & CSA Supplement)
  • David Shore (former Killam PDF)
  • Bruno Losier (former MRC Scholar)
  • William Schmidt (NSERC & Killam Scholar)
  • Tracy Taylor (NSERC & Killam Scholar)
  • Jean Saint-Aubin (FCAR PDF)
  • Jeff Hamm
  • Sol Simpson
  • Arnell, K. Howe, A. Joanisse, M. & Klein, R. (in press) relationships between attentional blink magnitude, RSVP target accuracy, an performance on other cognitive tasks. Memory & Cognition.
  • Christie, J., & Klein, R.M. (in press) Does attention cause illusory line motion? Percpetion & Psychophysics.
  • Dukewich, K. & Klein, R.M. (in press). Implications of Search accuracy for Serial Self-Terminating mdels of search. Visual Cognition.
  • Klein, R.M. (2004). On the control of visual orienting. In M.I. Posner (Ed). Cognitive Neuroscience of Attention. New York, Guilford Press. pp. 27-47.
  • Little, D.M., Klein, R.M., Shobat, D.M., McClure, E. & Thulborn, K.R. (2004). Biological changes during category learning observed by functional MRI. Cognitive Brain Research, 22, 84-93 .
  • Klein, R.M., Gadbois, S. & Christie, J.J. (2004). Perception and detection of counterfeit currency in Canada: Note quality, trainng and security features. Proc. SPIE, V. 5310, Rudolf L. van Renesse; (Ed), Optical Security and Counterfeit Deterrence Techniques V. 1-12.
  • Spence, C., Shore, D.I., & Klein, R.M. (2001). Multimodal prior entry. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 130, 779-798.
  • Klein, R. M., Taylor, T., Dorris, M. C., & Munoz, D. (2001). IOR in monkey and man. In C. Folk and B. Gibson (eds.) Attraction, distraction and Action: Multiple Perspectives on Attention Capture. Amsterdam, Elsevier. pp. 27-47.
  • Handy, T., Green, V., Klein, R. M. & Mangun, G. R. (2001) Combined expectancies: ERPs reveal early benefits of spatial attention that are absent in reaction time. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance 27, 303-317.
  • Ivanoff, J. & Klein, R. M. (2001) The presence of a nonresponding effector increases inhibition of return. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 8, 307-314.
  • Klein, R. M. & Shore, D. I. (2000) Relations among modes of visual orienting. To appear in S. Monsell & J. Driver (Eds.) Attention & Performance XVIII: Control of cognitive processes. Cambridge: MIT Press. pp.195-208
  • Klein, R. M. (2002) The temporal correlates of reading failure. reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal . 15, 207-232.
  • Losier, B. J. & Klein, R. M. (2001) A review of the evidence for a disengage operation deficit following parietal lobe damage. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 25, 1-13.
  • McLaughlin, E. N., Shore, D. I. & Klein, R. M. (2001) The attentional blink is immune to masking induced data limits. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 54A, 169-196.
  • Saint-Aubin, J. & Klein, R.M. (2001) The influence of parafoveal processing on the missing letter effect. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance. 27, 318-334.
  • Shore, D. I. & Klein, R. M. (2000) On the manifestations of memory in visual search. Spatial Vision. 14, 59-76.
  • Taylor, D. I. & Klein, R. M. (2000) Visual and motor effects in inhibition of return. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance. 26, 1639-1655.
  • Trappenberg, T. P., Dorris, M. C., Munoz, D. P.& Klein, R. M. (2001) A model of saccade initiation based on the competitive integration of exogenous and endogenous signals in the superior colliculus. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 13, 256-271.
  • Klein, R. M. (2000) Inhibition of return. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 4, 138-147.
  • Shore, D. I. & Klein, R. M. (2000) Change blindness: The effect of inversion. Journal of General Psychology, 127, 27-43.
  • Dorris, M. C., Taylor, T., Munoz, D. P., & Klein, R. M. (1999) Influence of previous visual stimulus or saccade on saccadic reaction times in monkey. Journal of Neurophysiology, 81, 2429-2436.
  • Everling, S., Dorris, M. C., Klein, R. M. & Munoz, D. P. (1999) Role of primate superior colliculus in preparation and execution of anti- and pro-saccades. Journal of Neuroscience, 19, 2740-2754.
  • Klein, R. M. & MacInnes, W. J. (1999) Inhibition of return is a foraging facilitator in visual search. Psychological Science 10, 346-352. abstract
  • Murphy, F. & Klein, R. M. (1998) The effects of nicotine on spatial and non-spatial expectancies in a covert orienting task. Neuroopsychologia, 36, 1103-1114.
  • Klein, R. M. & D'Entremont, B. (1999) Filtering performance by good and poor readers. In J. Everatt (Ed.), Attention, reading and dyslexia. London: Routledge.
  • Taylor, T. L., Klein, R. M., & Munoz, D. P. (1999) Saccadic performance as a function of the presence and disappearance of auditory andvisual fixation stimuli. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 11, 206-213.
  • Taylor, T. L. & Klein. R. M. (1998) On the causes and effects of inhibition of return. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 5, 625-643.
  • Taylor, T., Kingstone, A. F., & Klein. R. M. (1998) Visual offsets and oculomotor disinhibition: Endogenous and exogenous contributions to the gap effect. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 52, 192-200.
  • Shore, D. I., Hall, S. E. & Klein, R. M. (1998) Auditory saltation: A new measure of an old illusion. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 103, 3730-3733.
  • Schmidt, W. C. & Klein, R. M. (1997) A spatial gradient of acceleration and temporal extension underlies three illusions of motion. Perception, 26, 857-874.